|Penelope "Nellie" Caldwell-Daniel
Penelope “Nellie” Caldwell Daniel (b: 1837 Buncombe Co., NC; d: 8/12/1924(according to Rootsweb Towns
County Kith and Kin), America’s mother, was the fifth child of Tom (b: ca 1790; d: ca 1890) and Sarah
Kelley Caldwell (b: ca 1803).
According to America’s story, Sally Kelly’s mother was from North Carolina and her father was from Ireland.
Tom brought his family to Union County around 1842-3. They settled in the “Buck Snort” area. Tom lived to
be 99 years and seven months old (according to America). Nellie is buried in the Old Union Cemetery in
Young Harris, GA. I located one possible family tree for Nellie, but have not explored it yet.
Nellie was first married to her cousin. MacGinnis Caldwell, from Young Harris, GA on 10 JAN 1854. She had
four children by MacGinnis: Martha (b: ca 1857), William (b: ca 1858), LouVonnie and Sarah (b: ca 1865).
Nellie and MacGinnis were divorced in OCT 1865. I located a record that showed McGinnis was married to
someone named Eliza in 1870. Nellie remarried on 20 FEB 1868 to John S. Daniel (b: 14 OCT 1832; d: 12
FEB 1925). Nellie and John Daniel had two children – America & John T.
MacGinnis and Nellie are found on the on the 1860 Union County GA Census (line 24). Per Her daughter,
America’s, bio, there were 4 children, two who lived and two who did not. Nellie and John Daniel and their
children America, John T., Martha and William appear on this census along with a male servant, Merriman
Teague. John T and LouVonnie were evidently the two who did not live.
I found Thomas Caldwell, also in the 1860 Union County GA census, on line 3. His wife’s name is indeed
Sarah. The ages match, as I allow a year either way. Further searching led to her possible grandfather —
Hiram Kelley (born 1775-1780) whose father came from Ireland.
I also found Nellie’s parents, Tom and Sarah Caldwell on the 1870 Union County GA Census (line 29).
The 1880 Census was the first one that daughter, America, appears on. Unfortunately the 1890 Census
was lost in a fire at the central collection facility in Washington DC. I will continue to look for fragments, but
do not feel hopeful.
John Daniel’s family remained in Cherokee County until America was 15 years old. At that time [ca 1887]
her three half sisters were living in Young Harris, GA and her mother wanted to visit them. The trip took
them two days by steer power. After their return, that January , they decided to move to Young
Harris, GA. John and Nellie lived in Upper Brasstown and show up on the Towns County Census for 1900
On line 61 of the 1900 Towns County Census it says that Nellie had born 6 children and that 5 were living.
More research is needed to determine what changed between 1880 and 1900 with regards to her children.
Daughter, America had married Henry McClure and appears on the same page.
The 1910 Towns County GA Census (line 17) says they lived on Stephens Mill Road in Towns County, GA.
According to local historian, Jerry Taylor, Stephens Mill Road in Towns County (as shown on the 1910
Upper Brasstown Census) is now known as Townsend Mill Road. It's on the west side of Young Harris off
The last Census I can locate for John and Nellie Daniel is at the ages of 87 and 83, they are listed in the
1920 Union County Census on line 66.
Nellie and John are buried in Old Union Baptist Church Cemetery.